Auteur : Alexis Michaud

Séminaire doctoral “Science ouverte : enjeux et méthodes”

Un groupe de collègues du campus CNRS de Villejuif a entrepris d’organiser un séminaire doctoral “Science ouverte : enjeux et méthodes”. La page du séminaire sur le site de la Sorbonne Nouvelle expose la problématique et présente le programme des séances. Les billets de ce Carnet de recherche vont permettre de compléter ces informations par des liens vers diverses ressources, et d’accueillir les réflexions des uns et des autres. Ressources liées aux interventions En préparation de l’exposé de Lionel Maurel, une lecture incontournable : … Continue reading Séminaire doctoral “Science ouverte : enjeux et méthodes”

Licences Creative Commons et documentation des langues en danger : d’une recherche de solutions simples à une exigence de Science Ouverte

(Billet en français – This post is only available in French) A la demande de Danièle Bourcier, introductrice des licences CreativeCommons en France, j’ai rédigé un court texte au sujet de l’emploi de ces licences dans l’entreprise de documentation des langues en danger qui constitue, depuis sa fondation en 1976, un axe central des activités du laboratoire LACITO (Langues et Civilisations à Tradition Orale). La Collection Pangloss rassemble des documents multimédia de langues « rares », principalement à tradition orale (sans écriture). Elle est … Continue reading Licences Creative Commons et documentation des langues en danger : d’une recherche de solutions simples à une exigence de Science Ouverte

Scientific journals need to make access to research data a prerequisite for reviewing

Data sets on which our publications are based need to be made available, for obvious reasons of verifiability, replicability, and cumulative progress in research. This point is made eloquently in many publications. For instance: “Openness is one of the central values of science. Open scientific practices such as sharing data, materials and analysis scripts alongside published articles have many benefits, including easier replication and extension studies, increased availability of data for theory-building and meta-analysis, and increased possibility of review and collaboration even after a … Continue reading Scientific journals need to make access to research data a prerequisite for reviewing

Release of Persephone (/pərˈsɛfəni/), an open-source automatic phoneme transcription tool

This is a follow-up on a previous post about experiments using automatic transcription for Yongning Na. It’s been an eventful and exciting time! Oliver Adams has now released his automatic phoneme transcription tool. It’s all open-source code. Here is the address: https://github.com/oadams/persephone The transcription tool is named Persephone (/pərˈsɛfəni/), after the goddess who was abducted by Hades and must spend one half of each year in the Underworld. Which of linguistics or computer science is Hell, and which the joyful world of Spring and … Continue reading Release of Persephone (/pərˈsɛfəni/), an open-source automatic phoneme transcription tool

Speech recognition for newly documented languages: highly encouraging tests using automatically generated phonemic transcription of Yongning Na audio recordings

Automatic speech recognition tools have strong potential for facilitating language documentation. This blog note reports on highly encouraging tests using automatic transcription in the documentation of Yongning Na, a Sino-Tibetan language of Southwest China. After twenty months of fieldwork (spread over twelve years, from 2006 to 2017), 14 hours of speech had been recorded, of which 5.5 hours were transcribed (200 minutes of narratives and 130 minutes of morphotonology elicitation sessions). Oliver Adams, the author of Persephone, an open-source software tool for developing multilingual … Continue reading Speech recognition for newly documented languages: highly encouraging tests using automatically generated phonemic transcription of Yongning Na audio recordings

“Tone in Yongning Na” now published!

The volume Tone in Yongning Na is now published. It is open-access: the book is freely available as a PDF from the publisher’s website. It is open-source: the LaTeX code is freely available on GitHub (from the same page as the PDF). Last but not least, the analyses are based on data hosted in an open archive (the Pangloss Collection) that allows free download of original sound files and transcriptions (no login required). I think I should now let the book speak for itself … Continue reading “Tone in Yongning Na” now published!

Project completed! Looking back at the past 48 months, and forward to online grammars and more connected data

The completion date of the HimalCo project (2013-2016) is the day after tomorrow: December 31st, 2016. It’s a good time to look back at the past 48 months, and forward to more and more connected data: online grammars with one-click links to data, and other improvements for the greater benefit of linguistic research. The aim of this project was to build several types of corpora (traditional stories and dictionaries) for unwritten and endangered Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in Nepal and in Tibetan areas of China … Continue reading Project completed! Looking back at the past 48 months, and forward to online grammars and more connected data

“Tone in Yongning Na” is the first book to enter Open Review stage at Language Science Press!

The HimalCo project allowed for the completion of the linguist’s “three treasures” for the Yongning Na language: a dictionary; a collection of texts; and a monograph. This monograph was submitted in June 2016 to Language Science Press. Language Science Press publishes high quality, peer-reviewed open-access books in linguistics. All publications are free for both authors and readers. General Editors are Stefan Müller (FU Berlin) and Martin Haspelmath (MPI for the Science of Human History). They are supported by a high-profile Advisory Board. The book, … Continue reading “Tone in Yongning Na” is the first book to enter Open Review stage at Language Science Press!

8 months to completion: quick progress note

This is a {quick [progress note]} (i.e. a quick note about the project’s progress) rather than a {[quick progress] note} (i.e. a note reporting quick progress in the project)! 🙂 Dictionaries are big pieces, which raise many (most?) issues that linguists can confront when tagging and encoding data. The dictionaries are currently here: http://himalco.huma-num.fr/dictionaries/index.htm To come in the next 8 months: an Android interface for the dictionaries; improvements in parallel texts; and stable embedding of the dictionaries in the interface of the Pangloss Collection. … Continue reading 8 months to completion: quick progress note

Contact between Chinese and Vietnamese: an over-researched field?

This blog is honoured with a guest post from Alexis Michaud, phonetician and field linguist focusing on undocumented languages. In this post, he wishes to bring into the attention of the research community about unresolved questions in the elements of Vietnamese language borrowed from Chinese: unrecognized early loans from Chinese as well as Sino-Vietnamese pronunciations that seem to be carried over from the early loan layer.
我非常荣幸地请到了语音学家与田野工作者米可(Alexis Michaud)在本blog友情出演。他的文章希望向相关方向的研究者,介绍越南语中的汉借成分当中尚有待解决的一些问题:一些通常不被认为是汉借词的汉借词,以及似乎是从早期借词层沿用进汉越音中的形式。
Sự tiếp xúc giữa tiếng Trung và tiếng Việt là một lĩnh vực đã được nhiều nhà bác học quan tâm nhưng vẫn còn khá nhiều chủ đề cần nghiên cứu sâu thêm. Trong bài viết này, ông Alexis Michaud trình bày ví dụ về chủ đề này.

Phonetics in the Field: topics of data acquisition, e.g. means to avoid reverberation when recording audio, and use of electroglottography

To study less-documented languages where they are spoken, know-how of various kinds is required, including the essentials of sound recording (along with some knowledge of botany and medicine, if possible). From a technical point of view, if one is going to spend weeks and months transcribing and studying a recording that will remain as one of the only traces of a language, it is well worth taking a few precautions to achieve good audio quality. Whenever possible, I pad up my workplace with quits, … Continue reading Phonetics in the Field: topics of data acquisition, e.g. means to avoid reverberation when recording audio, and use of electroglottography

Au revoir to Céline Buret — with all our thanks!

Céline Buret brilliantly completed her two-year contract with CNRS as the main engineer in the HimalCo project. This post is to say a BIG Thank You and wish her all the best in the next steps in her career! The Python library that Céline developed to implement the LMF ISO standard for dictionaries is now available online. For an example of what the XML code looks like, check out the Na dictionary in LMF format (machine-readable). This file is available for download from the … Continue reading Au revoir to Céline Buret — with all our thanks!

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